emperor nero wife
In order to marry the woman whom he loved, Nero accused Octavia of adultery and exiled her. Agrippina—having already helped bring about the murder of Valeria Messalina, her predecessor as the wife of Claudius, in 48, and ceaselessly pursuing her intrigues to bring Nero to power—eliminated her opponents among Claudius’s palace advisers, probably had Claudius himself poisoned in 54, and completed her work with the poisoning of Britannicus in 55. He may have been a puer delicatus, who were sometimes castrated in an effort to preserve their youthful qualities. Tacitus, for instance, asserts that Poppaea engineered her marriage with Otho specifically to get closer to, and eventually marry, Nero. Poppaea Sabina was born the daughter of a woman with the same name who committed suicide. Agrippina, the Empress Who Scandalized Rome, A Look at the Lives of the First 12 Roman Emperors, Five Roman Empresses You Shouldn't Invite to Dinner, Biography of Tiberius, 1st Century Roman Emperor, Marcus Fabius Quintilianus, Better Known as Quintilian, M.Div., Meadville/Lombard Theological School. Claudia did not live long. Nero appointed Otho to an important post as governor of Lusitai (Lusitania). His new wife was Statilia Messallina. At first Nero hated signing death sentences, and the extortions of Roman tax collectors upon the populace led him in 58 to unrealistically suggest that the customs dues should be abolished. The first time was to free priests; Josephus went to Rome to plead their case, meeting with Poppaea and then receiving many gifts from her. Julia Agrippina, mother of the Roman emperor Nero and a powerful influence on him during the early years of his reign (54–68). He had Poppaea's son by her first marriage killed. After poisoning her second husband, Agrippina incestuously became the wife of her uncle, the emperor Claudius, and persuaded him to favour Nero for the succession, over the rightful claim of Claudius’s own son, Britannicus, and to marry his daughter, Octavia, to Nero. Rome burned while he was emperor, and the eagerness with which he rebuilt led many to believe that he was responsible for the fire. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Nero, portrait bust; in the Roman National Museum, Rome. To the Romans these antics seemed to be scandalous breaches of civic dignity and decorum. She is also reported to have persuaded Nero to kill the philosopher Seneca, who had supported Nero's previous mistress, Acte Claudia. Nero was born in 37 A.D., the nephew of the emperor. Your stepfather is none other than Emperor Augustus, so his wish is your command. Imagine yourself as nine-year-old Tiberius. He married Poppaea in 62, but she died in 65, and he subsequently married the patrician… Others suggest Nero poisoned her. He put an end to the more odious features of the later years of Claudius’s reign, including secret trials before the emperor and the dominance of corrupt freedmen, and he accorded more independence to the Senate. Even still some argue that she died as a result of childbirth or miscarriage. Agrippina followed in 59BC, and finally, in 62 AD, Nero murdered first wife Octavia and her elder sister. This caused a rift with his mother, Agrippina the Younger. In 65 AD, Nero is believed to have kicked his wife Poppaea to death. The conflagration lasted … This led the Christians to label him the Antichrist. The great fire that ravaged Rome in 64 illustrates how low Nero’s reputation had sunk by this time. After his father’s death, his mother married his great uncle, Claudius, and persuaded him to name Nero his successor. An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors. The opera was first performed in Venice in 1642. In Nero: Artistic pretensions and irresponsibility …having fallen in love with Poppaea Sabina, the young wife of the senator (and later emperor) Otho, and by his fear that his repudiated wife was fomenting disaffection at court and among the populace. The legend that Nero fiddled during the 64 CE fire in Rome is false because bowed stringed instruments would not reach Europe for almost another millennia. Britannica now has a site just for parents! Nero's death ended the almost 100-year rule of the Julio-Claudian dynasty. Then in 64 AD, the Great Fire of Rome broke out. Agrippina immediately eliminated the powerful freedman Narcissus, who had always opposed her aims. Although this might sound quite nice, this was far from being something to envy. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Poppaea is believed to have stirred Nero to attack Christians after the Fire of Rome and to have helped free Jewish priests at the request of Josephus. Gender:. He castrated a boy so he could marry him. They encouraged Nero to act independently of her, and a growing coolness resulted in Nero’s relations with his mother. Nero married Poppaea, and Poppaea was given the title Augusta when they had a daughter, Claudia. Artistic pretensions and irresponsibility, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Nero-Roman-emperor, JewishEncyclopedia.com - Biography of Nero, Jewish Virtual Library - Biography of Nero, Public Broadcasting Service - Biography of Nero, Nero - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). You can opt-out at any time. Agrippina was the daughter of Germanicus Caesar and Vipsania Agrippina, sister of the emperor Gaius, or Caligula (reigned 37–41), and wife of the emperor Claudius (41–54). Nero’s marriages and affairs also proved to be troublesome. Beginning about 63, he also developed strange religious enthusiasms and became increasingly attracted to the preachers of novel cults. Nero himself pardoned writers of epigrams against him and even those who plotted against him, and secret trials were few. She also advocated for her home town of Pompeii, and helped it gain considerable autonomy from the Empire's rule. Omissions? According to ancient texts, Nero killed his own mother. Nero also inaugurated competitions in poetry, in the theatre, and in athletics as counterattractions to gladiatorial combats. The testimony of contemporaries depicts Nero at this time as a handsome young man of fine presence but with soft, weak features and a restless spirit. Two Sides to Every Story. Seeing that he could do what he liked without fear of censure or retribution, Nero began to give rein to inordinate artistic pretensions. She dies in 65 AD as a result of being kicked to death while pregnant by Nero, some claim. OCTÁVIA) (late AD 39 or early AD 40 – 8 June AD 62) was an empress of Rome. Poppaea's next husband was Otho, a childhood friend of Nero. She hoped to control the government, but Burrus and Nero’s old tutor, the Stoic philosopher Lucius Annaeus Seneca, though they owed their influence to Agrippina, were not content to remain her tools. Otho would go on after Nero's death to briefly become emperor. He later adopted her son Nero as his political heir. Augustus forces you to marry his daug… If only your troubles ended there. In 50 AD, at the age of 13, Nero was adopted by Emperor Claudius and took the name by which he is famous, Nero Claudius Caesar Drusus Germanicus. Birthplace: Antium, Latium Location of death: Rome, Italy Cause of death: Suicide. Her mother was executed in their childhood for committing adultery, and her father remarried Agrippinna. Nero divorced his wife, Octavia, who was the daughter of his predecessor, the Emperor Claudius. Biographies >> Ancient Rome. However, Nero’s second marriage wasn’t happy. Seneca urged Nero to use his autocratic powers conscientiously, but he obviously failed to harness the boy’s more generous impulses to his responsibilities. Nero married Poppaea, and Poppaea was given the title Augusta when they had a daughter, Claudia. She was the daughter of the Emperor Claudius and stepsister and first wife of Emperor Nero. In 53 AD, Nero married Claudia Octavia, his stepsister and daughter of Claudius with Messali… She then married her uncle, the emperor Claudius. In Britain, in A.D. 60, the Iceni Queen Boudicca (also spelled Boudica or Boudicea) rose in rebellion after she was flogged and her daughters raped by Roman soldiers. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). He wed Pythagoras in a formal same-sex wedding by first putting on a bridal veil that made Nero the "bride" and Pythagoras the "groom." Poppaea was married first to Rufrius Crispinus of the Preaetorian Guard, and they had a son. But our most detailed images of homosexual marriages come from the descriptions of Roman emperors. Nero's second wife. Your stepfather gleefully divorced his wife, who was pregnant, too. Nero reportedly kicked her during an argument when she was pregnant in 65 C.E., resulting in her death, possibly from the effects of the subsequent miscarriage. Nero rode a chariot in the Greek Olympic games.