10th armored infantry battalion
As a result of the powerful American defense to the north and east, XLVII Panzer Corps commander Gen. von Lüttwitz decided to encircle Bastogne and strike from the south and southwest, beginning the night of 20/21 December. 94th Armored Field Artillery Battalion. 1 Cavalry Bde 5 Cav Rgt 12 Cav Rgt 2 Cavalry Bde 7 Cav Rgt 8 Cav Rgt. Last Updated on Sunday, 10 June 2018 19:26. Field inspection of an armored infantry battalion -- Index. Note. The Battle of the Bulge has been characterized by some as one of the biggest land battles in the history of warfare. The patrol was led by our armored vehicle. The division landed at Utah Beach on 24 July 1944 under the command of Major General Lunsford E. Oliver, and moved into combat on 2 August, driving south through Coutances, Avranches, and Vitré, and across the Mayenne River to seize … The spearhead reached the lines of the 326th Engineers on December 26, Cobra King being the first tank to make contact at approximately 16:50.  The 3rd Battalion was ordered forward from a reserve position north of Bastogne to ease the pressure on 1st Battalion by occupying a supporting position in Foy to the south. 17th AIB 56th AIB 66th AIB. We had truly experienced the fluidity of the situation surrounding Bastogne as Les Nichols described it in his book, At that particular point in time little did we realize how close we had come to a potential disaster. Due to the worst winter weather in memory, the surrounded U.S. forces could not be resupplied by air nor was tactical air support available due to cloudy weather. Meanwhile, the Allied commanders considered the Ardennes area to be unsuitable for a large-scale German attack, mainly because of terrain issues. These were veteran troops that had served with distinction since the parachute drops in Normandy and were resting and re-equipping after two months of combat in the Netherlands after Operation Market Garden. Map of troop movements during the battle of the Bulge. Research Database . As a consequence of its involvement at Bastogne, and its failure to dislodge the airborne forces, the column ultimately ran out of fuel at Celles, where it was destroyed by the U.S. 2nd Armored Division and the British 29th Armoured Brigade.. We concluded that we had perhaps three options. Due to heavy rain preceding the German attack, only one of the roads was in good enough condition to be used as a crossing point—the northernmost road, which crossed the Our at Dasburg on its way to the Luxembourgish town of Clervaux (in German: Klerf, in Luxembourgish: Klierf) and Bastogne. All seven highways leading to Bastogne were cut by German forces by noon on 21 December, and by nightfall the conglomeration of airborne and armored infantry forces were recognized by both sides as being surrounded. 333rd Field Artillery Battalion – The Black Battalion, Learn how and when to remove this template message, 1st SS Panzer Division Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler, 101st Airborne Division's defense of Bastogne. The 506th followed shortly thereafter, its 1st Battalion was sent to Noville to reinforce Major Desobry's team from the 10th Armored CCB while the other two battalions were ordered to act as reserves north of Bastogne. This leg of our journey was by no means without incident. The 5th Armored "Victory" Division was activated on 10 October 1941, and reached the United Kingdom in February 1944. The 82nd—longer in reserve and thus better re-equipped—moved out first. This conclusion was reached from information gleaned by reading accounts by different authors in books detailing the events of the Bastogne operation and through information gathered by discussions with members of the local Bastogne historical committee during my December 2004 visit to Bastogne for the celebration of the 60. One of the two volunteers was to man a bazooka and the other to handlethe bazooka rounds. Any attempt to defend ourselves and our unarmed vehicles would have been futile. 35th Tank Battalion. All the serious civilian losses caused by this artillery fire would not correspond with the well-known American humanity. 5th Battalion, 41st Field Artillery 5. 11th Armored Division. 12th Armored Division. The 51st and 10th Armored Infantry Battalions spent the latter part of the day moving into positions previously occupied by the 319th Infantry Regiment (80th Infantry Division) near the Our River in the vicinity of Bettendorf, Luxembourg. In order to reach it before the Allies could regroup and bring their superior air power to bear, German mechanized forces had to seize the roadways through eastern Belgium. History. The seven roads in and out of Bastogne were critical to the movement of German armor, making Allied retention of the roads imperative. For me this experience took place over a two day period in the Battle of the Bulge on December 21-22, 1944. Ryerson, William F. 20th Armored Infantry Battalion, 10th Armored Division 557. Eleven of its soldiers were cut off from the rest of the unit and attempted to escape German capture, but were massacred on sight by the Waffen SS. The remnants of the battalion retreated to Bastogne where they linked up with the 101st. All went as planned. Sir Winston Churchill described it as, The basis for this comment was that it is well known that CCB of the 10, Thirty three US Divisions with 840,000 men and 200,000 Germans in twenty-five divisions participated in this battle. The urgency of this decision was suddenly cast upon us when we heard the sounds of automatic weapons coming from different directions. Purple Heart Coordinated German attacks in mass, rather than the small unit attacks they employed, might also have resulted in a decisive German victory over the 101st and its attachments. On 19 December, the 28th Division command post transferred to Bastogne from Wiltz, a large Luxembourgish town to the southeast. The 101st Airborne Division's casualties from 19 December 1944 to 6 January 1945 were 341 killed, 1,691 wounded, and 516 missing. It is an interlocked ornament, found in Nordic monuments, composed of three torques: red for Artillery; blue for Infantry; and yellow for Cavalry. 20th AIB 54th AIB 61st AIB. Regiment broken up 9 October 1943, elements reorganized and redesignated as follows: Regiment (less 1st, 2nd, and 3rd Battalions) as 52nd Armored Infantry Battalion. We asked for volunteers to accompany Lieutenant Heeran and his jeep driver, Dwight Walker. They all fled with the exception of. Bastogne is near the middle. Both would take us closer toward Bastogne, now completely surrounded. 1986, 333rd Field Artillery Battalion (United States), 101st Airborne Division's defense of Bastogne, United States Army Center of Military History, WWII Belgian nurse Augusta Chiwy honoured by US army, "101st Airborne Division Lineage and Honors", The Battle of the Bulge – Fortunes of War, Battle of the Bulge – 4th Armored Division Help End the Siege of Bastogne, "The Ardennes Offensive: Air resupply by paradrops and gliders (23–27 Dec. 1944)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Siege_of_Bastogne&oldid=1001437228, Articles lacking reliable references from December 2013, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles lacking in-text citations from December 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2009, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The Allies believed only an infantry division was present opposite the 28th Infantry, and they believed any attack along this sector would be limited in scale. A Panzer IV H of Kampfgruppe Peiper of the 1st SS Panzer Division Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler. In the 2001 HBO show, Band of Brothers, a 10th Armored Division officer, George C. Rice, played by comedian/actor Jimmy Fallon, is depicted handing out ammunition and supplies to paratroopers of Easy Company, part of the 2nd Battalion, 506th Parachute Infantry Regiment of the 101st Airborne Division during the Battle of the Bulge. We became good friends and attended reunions thereafter. Upon arrival in the dimly lit basement of the Hotel,along with another trains officer, it was obvious that he was about to issue an urgent message. General George S. Patton, commander of the U.S. Third Army was not happy about giving up the CCB unit right before he planned an offensive near Mainz but General Omar Bradley, commander of the 12th Army Group, ordered General Patton to release the unit. During World War II, the 46th Infantry Regiment was assigned to the 5th Armored Division.Landing at Normandy in 1944, the 46th Infantry led the 5th Armored Division in five campaigns earning the nickname "Victory’s Spearpoint".. For their repeated courage under fire, the 2nd Battalion, 46th Infantry, was awarded two Presidential Unit Citations, the French Croix de … Therefore, he ordered the Panzer-Lehr Division' to push forward to Bastogne as soon as his other troops had crossed the Clerf River in Northern Luxembourg. CCB of the 10th Armored Division, severely weakened by losses to its Team Desobry (Maj. William R. Desobry), Team Cherry (Lt. Col. Henry T. Cherry), and Team O'Hara (Lt. Col. James O'Hara) in delaying the Germans, formed a mobile "fire brigade" of 40 light and medium tanks (including survivors of CCR 9th Armored Division and eight replacement tanks found unassigned in Bastogne). , Augusta Chiwy, a nurse who administered aid to the wounded during the siege, was honored with the Civilian Award for Humanitarian Service by the Ambassador to Belgium Howard Gutman in December 2011. A. Battalions are ready to annihilate the U.S.A. troops in and near Bastogne. 10th Infantry Battalion, 10th Mountain Division: 531st Quartermaster Service Battalion: 10th Infantry Battalion, 4th Armored Division: 532nd Anti-Aircraft Arty (Automatic Weapons) Battalion: 10th Infantry Regiment, 5th Infantry Division: 532nd Coast Artillery Battalion: 10th Machine Gun Battalion, 4th Division: 532nd Engineer Regiment The XLVII Panzer Corps probed different points of the southern and western defensive perimeter in echelon, where Bastogne was defended by just a single airborne regiment and support units doubling as infantry. (From “Ardennes-Alsace” by U. S. Center of Military History), During this time I was serving as Company Commander of Service Company, 20, CCB was the first unit to arrive in Bastogne. Results of isolated cases in which American infantry fought German armored forces point out how important the attached package of tanks and tank destroyers was to the 101st. Without them, even the bravest of infantry actions would have been no match for the tanks. With just four M18 Hellcat tank destroyers of the 705th Tank Destroyer Battalion to assist, the paratroopers attacked units of the 2. , For its defense of Bastogne, the headquarters of the 101st Airborne Division was awarded the Presidential Unit Citation (PUC), with a streamer, embroidered BASTOGNE, for the division's colors. The bulk of this section of the article is taken from the July–August 1992 issue of Armor Magazine, pp. In addition, intelligence reports suggested that the only German divisions stationed in the area were weary, and in the weeks leading up to the assault, no Allied commander saw reason to believe that an attack was imminent. The first elements of the 501st PIR entered the division assembly area 4 miles (6.4 km) west of Bastogne shortly after midnight of 19 December, and by 09:00 the entire division had arrived. German engineers completed bridges over the Our before dark, and armor began moving to the front, adding to the Germans' vast numerical superiority. The assault—led by 18 tanks carrying a battalion of infantry—pierced the lines of the 327th's 3rd Battalion (officially, the 1st Battalion, 401st Glider Infantry), and advanced as far as the battalion command post at Hemroulle. So in the late afternoon of December 21 Colonel Roberts sent word for me to report to his headquarters immediately. Having heard gunfire to our north we thought it best to send a reconnaissance patrol west to the nearby cross roads before exposing our entire fleet of vehicles to potential danger. The attack of 1st Battalion and the M18 Hellcat tank destroyers of the 705th TD Battalion together destroyed at least 30 German tanks and inflicted 500–1,000 casualties on the attacking forces in what amounted to a spoiling attack. However, the 327th held its original positions and repulsed infantry assaults that followed, capturing 92 Germans. I have found it extremely difficult to erase this experience of December 1944 from my book of memories. Bronze Star. Some of our group reported sighting enemy troops and vehicles a short distance off to the side of our column from whence the artillery firing must have come. Be the first to know and let us send you an email when HHC, 10th Engineer Battalion, 1st Armored Brigade, 3rd Infantry Division posts news and promotions. In the Luxembourgish village of Weiler, one American company, supported by some mortars and a platoon of anti-tank guns, lasted until nightfall against repeated attacks from multiple German battalions. Shortly thereafter, McAuliffe sent the following communication to von Lüttwitz in response to the German demand:, The commander of the 327th GIR interpreted it to the German truce party as "Go to hell!".. Two kilometers or so to our west were cross roads one of which would take us toward the southwest through Libramont and on to the city of Neufchateau, far removed from the enemy where the vehicles and the men would be safe. Winters, Richard D., Cole C. (Cole Christian) Kingseed, and Inc ebrary. The 'Cobra King' crew poses for a celebratory photo. The next day the 101st Airborne Division was relieved.. For their heroism, the 333rd was awarded the Presidential Unit Citation. Many years later it became quite clear that we had indeed narrowly averted a major catastrophe. 1st Cavalry Division. The 10th Armored Infantry Battalion's S-3 (Captain Baum) visited the command post of the 35th Tank Battalion to coordinate the joint use of a firing range. Listed in 1945 Monthly catalog, p. 126. On 19–20 December, the 1st Battalion of the 506th PIR was ordered to support Team Desobry (Maj. William R. Desobry), a battalion-sized tank-infantry task force of the 10th Armored Division assigned to defend Noville located north-northeast of … CCB consisted of the 3rd Tank Battalion, 20th Armored Infantry Battalion, C Company 21st Tank Battalion, B Company 54th Armored Infantry Battalion, C Company, 609th Tank Destroyer Battalion, 419th Armored Field Artillery Battalion, and three companies of support troops. "Here, on the Ludendorf Bridge crossing the Rhine at Remagen, Combat Command B, 9th Armored Division -- headed by the 27th Armored Infantry Battalion -- with 'superb skill, daring and esprit de corps' successfully effected the first bridgehead across Germany's formidable river barrier and so contributed decisively to the defeat of the enemy. Here we were, charged with the task of saving 150 unarmed vehicles from falling into the hands of the enemy with no armor to protect them. Subscribe to 10th Infantry Battalion, 4th Armored Division Footer menu. In short order we had all 150 or so unarmed vehicles lined up ready to move out. 10th Engineer Battalion, 1st ABCT, 3rd ID, 1st Armored Brigade Combat Team, 3rd Infantry Division, 2nd Infantry Division, 3rd Infantry Division, U.S. Army Engineer Regiment SPC Scott trains on the M9 ACE, beginning construction of a protective berm. By the time the 1st Battalion pulled out of Noville on the 20th, the village of Foy half-way to Bastogne center had been captured from the 3rd Battalion by a separate attack, forcing the 1st Battalion to then fight its way through Foy. 4th Battalion, 54th Infantry 2. The Tiger division as the 10th was known was led by Maj. Gen. William H. H. Morris, Jr. and in early November, supporting XX Corps, officially entered combat in … The forces were too thin to maintain an even battle line, they focused their attention on the four roads that crossed the Our. 21st AIB 55th AIB 63rd AIB. 10th Armored Division Combat Chronicle [edit | edit source]. Aside from our side arms, carbines and rifles we had one armored car equipped with a 37 mm gun. That vehicle then turned a comer and was also hit by an artillery shell killing the driver. 5th Battalion, 33d Armor 4. By the time 1st Battalion made it to the safety of American lines, it had lost 13 officers and 199 enlisted men, out of about 600 troops, and was assigned as the division reserve. The 705th Tank Destroyer Battalion—in reserve 60 miles (97 km) to the north—was ordered to Bastogne to provide anti-tank support to the armor-less 101st Airborne on 18 December and arrived late the next evening. All of this is now history. The American soldiers were outnumbered approximately 5-1 and were lacking in cold-weather gear, ammunition, food, medical supplies, and senior leadership (as many senior officers, including the 101st's commander—Major General Maxwell Taylor—were elsewhere). The Allied forces were gathered into small groups at major Luxembourgish villages, with outposts along the river manned only during the daytime. This concern ended abruptly when in 1978 at our Hartford, Ct reunion someone came up to me asking if I remembered him. Ardennes American Cemetery 164, route du Condroz . Worried about the threat to its left flank in Bastogne, it organized a major combined arms attack to seize Noville. Our ultimate destination for that night could have been altered if dictated by the ever changing situation. Hasso von Manteuffel—commanding the 5th Panzer Army—gave Heinrich Freiherr von Lüttwitz′s XLVII Panzer Corps the responsibility of capturing Bastogne, before crossing the Meuse near Namur. Gen. Taylor reached Bastogne with the 4th Armored Division and resumed command. But that lone run was the only time the armored … The 2nd Panzer Division was assigned to cross the river along this road, while the 26th Volksgrenadier Division would construct a bridge near Gemünd for its crossing. 51st Armored Infantry Battalion. See also Battle of Bastogne or Siege of Bastogne. , With the encirclement broken, the men of the 101st expected to be relieved, but were given orders to resume the offensive. At 03:00, engineers began ferrying men and equipment over the river where they began assembling at the departure point, quite close to the American garrisons. (561st Armored Infantry Battalion relieved 1 April 1957 from assignment to the 10th Armored Division) Redesignated 1 July 1959 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 3d Battle Group, 54th Infantry Redesignated 23 March 1966 as Company C, 54th Infantry The 10th Armored Division's CCB incurred approximately 500 casualties. Several regiments within the 101st were nicknamed "The Battered Bastards of Bastogne", due to their part in holding the important crossroads town during the Battle of the Bulge. 1986 p. 44, Elements of General George Patton's Third Army succeeded in reaching Bastogne from the southwest, arriving from the direction of Assenois. Despite low supplies of food and ammunition, and being limited to only 10 artillery rounds per day, the 333rd fought tenaciously, successfully holding their sector of the front despite repeated German assaults. The bulk of our battalion was a part of Combat Command “B”, one of the three Combat Commands of an Armored Division. US forces suffered approximately 90,000 casualties. However, the two Panzer divisions of the XLVII Panzer Corps—after using their mobility to isolate Bastogne, continued their mission towards the Meuse on 22 December, rather than attacking Bastogne with a single large force. Also, T/4 Walter Winship, driver of our M4 Tank Recovery Vehicle slowed to let a 6x6 truck pull in ahead of him. 5th Battalion, 73d Armor 3. Many of the artillery guns were used in a direct fire role against enemy armor, with over 2000 rounds used for this purpose on December 20. Three artillery battalions were commandeered and formed a temporary artillery group. This played into the American advantage of interior lines; the defenders were able to shift artillery fire and move their limited ad hoc armored forces to meet each successive assault. The siege was from 20 to 27 December, until the besieged American forces were relieved by elements of General George Patton's Third Army. Leaving Teurtheville, 25 October, the Division moved to Mars-la-Tour, where it entered combat, 1 November, in support of the XX Corps, containing enemy troops in the area. The 502nd reinforced the 327th, and the two regiments captured Bourcy on 17 January, pushing the Germans back to their point of advance on the day the division had arrived in Bastogne. The 101st left Camp Mourmelon on the afternoon of 18 December, with the order of march of the division artillery, division trains, 501st Parachute Infantry Regiment (PIR), 506th PIR, 502nd PIR, and 327th Glider Infantry Regiment (GIR). 10th Armored CCB Train. We felt that our mission had been accomplished. Purple Heart. Infantry of relief force near Bastogne, December 1944. Each had twelve 155 mm (6.1 in) howitzers, providing the division with heavy firepower in all directions restricted only by its limited ammunition supply. Both divisions were alerted on the evening of 17 December, and not having transport automatically assigned for their use, began arranging trucks for movement forward. The 101st Airborne Division along with the forces from the Third Army faced the elite of the German military which included elements from 1st SS Panzer Division Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler, Führerbegleitbrigade, 12th SS Panzer Division Hitlerjugend, and the 9th SS Panzer Division Hohenstaufen. Commander of the encircled town of Bastogne. Because all seven main roads in the densely wooded Ardennes highlands converged on Bastogne (Bastnach in German), just a few miles away from the border with neighboring Luxembourg, control of its crossroads was vital to the German attack. The 101st Airborne formed an all-round perimeter using the 502nd PIR on the northwest shoulder to block the 26th Volksgrenadier, the 506th PIR to block entry from Noville, the 501st PIR defending the eastern approach, and the 327th GIR scattered from Marvie in the southeast to Champs in the west along the southern perimeter, augmented by engineer and artillery units plugging gaps in the line. 25th Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron (mec.) Cemeteries & Memorials; Burial Search; About Us; Education; Facebook; Twitter; YouTube; Instagram; ABMC Headquarters 2300 Clarendon Blvd, Suite 500 Arlington, VA 22201 Phone: 571-842-0020. The men of the 10th Armored Infantry Battalion dug new foxholes and remained on alert. This time the U.S.A. forces in and near Bastogne have been encircled by strong German armored units. With the 110th Infantry completely destroyed as an effective combat unit, it would be up to the rest of the Allied army to defend Bastogne. Websites. Despite several notable signs in the weeks preceding the attack, the Ardennes Offensive achieved virtually complete surprise. One of these routes passed through the town of Sibret and the other, more desirable, by way of the towns of Gerimont, Magerotte and Morhet. In spite of the harassment from enemy troops over the past two days all had remained calm. Tillet was some 6 to 8 kilometers from Bastogne, which would give us ample time to arrive before dark and find shelter from the severe winter weather for over 200 men. The 2/10th Battalion was the first South Australian battalion formed for the Second AIF. 13th Armored ... 70th AIB*AIR broken up into three separate armored Infantry battalions. We were truly blessed when you consider what might have been. After two days, the 2nd Panzer Division finally continued on its original mission to the Meuse River. Because it lacked sufficient troops and those of the 26th VG Division were near exhaustion, the XLVII Panzer Corps concentrated its assault on several individual locations on the west side of the perimeter in sequence rather than launching one simultaneous attack on all sides. Ss Division when the 101st attacked towards Bourcy, northeast of Bastogne 5th Armored `` Victory '' Division was.. A westerly direction Division when the 101st Airborne Division enough time to organize defenses around Bastogne Cavalry Bde 7 Rgt. February 1944 10th armored infantry battalion truck pull out in front of his kitchen truck a bazooka and the other two options lead... Just one Regiment behind to assist the 26th Volksgrenadier Division in capturing the crossroads unsubscribe at time. Bastogne or siege of Bastogne killed during the siege the residents had fled the scene with knowledge the! 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